As this deck log documents, three North Vietnamese boats attacked the U.S.S. Maddox in the Gulf of Tonkin on August 2, 1964. The Maddox and aircraft from the U.S.S. Ticonderoga damaged all three hostile boats, almost sinking one. Following reports of a second incident two days later, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which gave President Lyndon B. Johnson advance approval to respond to military aggression in Southeast Asia without congressional consultation.
National Archives, Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel