Settling the interior
The United States and Great Britain granted land to those who had been loyal to their cause during the Revolutionary War, forcing those who had not to leave. Loyalist refugees resettled in the remaining British colonies, including the West Indies, or moved back to Great Britain. Patriot refugees from Canada and Nova Scotia arrived, while other Americans moved to new homesteads or rebuilt old ones. A systematic grid was imposed on the North American landscape to aid in settling the interior. Congress set aside four sections for government use and one section for education use—the first federal aid to education.
National Archives, Records of the Bureau of Land Management