Marbury v. Madison
This document is an order to show cause in the Marbury v. Madison Supreme Court case in 1803. An order to show cause explains that a defendant is expected to appear before the judge and defend his or her actions. This case established the idea of judicial review, the ability of the Supreme Court to overturn a law because it goes against the Constitution. The Supreme Court is the final authority on the meaning of the Constitution.
National Archives, Records of the Supreme Court of the United States