Officially married, 21 years later


Former slaves Joseph and Mary Province of Lebanon, Tennessee, were officially married on April 23, 1866, after “living together for 21 years.” Joseph was a shoemaker with property valued at $900 in the 1870 census. His son, Stephen, fought in the Civil War under General John T. Wilders.

National Archives, Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands


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