Art of farming

11/21/1865

Oney Cunningham, a nine-year-old girl, entered into this indenture agreement with Alexander Cunningham to be his apprentice to learn the "art of housekeeping." The Freedmen's Bureau supervised indenture and apprenticeship agreements. Under these contracts, black school-age, orphaned, and destitute children were bound to former owners as laborers.

National Archives, Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands


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