How did most soldiers die?


Three of five U.S. soldiers and two of three Confederate soldiers who perished died from disease. These pages from a book kept at Pettigrew Hospital outside Raleigh, North Carolina, mark the grim toll diseases took on the Confederate Army. The “Disease” column shows that one man died of a “gunshot wound.” The other 37 died from a range of illnesses—including typhoid fever, measles, diarrhea, pneumonia, and dysentery.

National Archives, War Department Collection of Confederate Records